Para Clinical2020-06-06T11:12:06+00:00

Para Clinical

Department of Pathology

Course Objectives

Students are expected to work towards meeting the following objectives:

  • To become familiar with pathology nomenclature.  By the end of the course, the students are expected to be able to communicate an understanding of tissue injury and diseases processes, using appropriate vocabulary.
  • To recognize morphological and functional differences between normal and injured or diseased tissue.  The first goal of the course is to learn to discriminate pathological lesions from normal tissue.  The second goal is to comprehend a structural, functional and biochemical perspective, the different types of pathological lesions, and provide scenarios for how they arise.
  • To integrate pathological findings with clinical manifestations of disease.  As this course is designed for graduate students training for the medical field, the students are expected to develop an understanding of the clinical features for certain disease processes.  These features may impact on detection, treatment or outcome of the disease or injury.
  • To integrate the principles and information presented in this course with that from related disciplines.  Material presented in the course is expected to contribute to the body of knowledge which students will carry with them into a research career.  This should be a “working” body of knowledge which the student can apply, in a problem solving manner, to understand mechanisms of disease.
  • In working towards a current understanding of the pathologic basis of disease, the student should develop a sense of which questions in pathology remain to be resolved.

Department of Microbiology

Microbiology attempts to emphasize the infectious diseases that are of actual or potential importance to humans. The course emphasizes distribution, morphology and physiology of microorganisms in addition to skills in aseptic procedures, isolation and identification. This course also includes sophomore level material covering immunology, virology, epidemiology and DNA technology.

Course Objectives

Students are expected to work towards meeting the following objectives:

  • Describe in details the morphology, the culture, spread, biochemical activities, antigenic characters, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, treatment& prevention &control measures of each bacteria.
  • Define the organs commonly involved in the infection.
  • Recall the relationship of this infection to symptoms, relapse and the accompanying pathology.
  • Explain the methods of microorganism control, e.g. chemotherapy & vaccines.
  • Demonstrate practical skills in fundamental microbiological techniques.
  • Present and interpret results obtained from using these techniques.
  • Present information clearly in both written and oral form
  • Describe the architecture, chemical composition, cultivation and classification of viruses.
  • Define the terms necessary to understand disease principles and epidemiology:  normal and transient flora, opportunists, pathogen, infection, disease, virulence and its measures, etiology, nosocomial, epidemic, endemic, pandemic, portals of entry and exit, types of symbiosis, predisposing factors, morbidity and mortality.
  • Compare and contrast living and nonliving reservoirs, using examples.
  • Compare and contrast disease transmission, using examples:  contact, vehicle, and vector.
  • Compare and contrast the stages of disease development:  incubation, prodrome, illness, decline and convalescence.
  • Compare and contrast immediate and delayed hypersensitivity (allergy), using examples.
  • Compare and contrast autoimmune diseases and immune deficiencies, using examples.
  • Compare and contrast the immune response to tumors and cancer with that to transplants (grafts), using examples.

Department of Community Medicine

The course is designed to educate the students about the diagnosis and treatment of common medical illnesses. It helps the students have a sufficient knowledge of rare diseases, advances and technologies in medicine.

The department educates & trains the students in various areas related to community medicine like clinical epidemiology, epidemiological research, human nutrition, deficiency disorder, its prevention & control, maternal & child health, health care management, health care services, environmental sanitation and occupational hazards.

The department is well equipped and posses necessary facilities to educate the students like various models of houses, toilets, sewage disposal system, water purifying systems & methods etc, charts displaying the map of endemic areas, national and international health promotion, disease prevention, microscopes & microscopic slides of various disease causing microbes, vectors etc.

Apart from the classroom teaching, students are allowed to visit the nearby communities to understand the health problems of community, government & private water purifying systems, different levels of health care systems.

With all the above facilities & exposure the students are trained & motivated to look into community & public health as a option of higher studies & career.

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